Posted by Lucille Southard
The #MeToo movement and innumerable allegations of unwanted and inappropriate sexual advances in the workplace prompted New York legislators to include several provisions in the newly-passed state budget designed to prevent sexual harassment. While not all provisions take effect immediately, we encourage employers to begin preparing now. This post is a primer on what New York State employers will be expected to do to ensure a safe workplace for all workers.
Annual sexual harassment training
By October 9, all New York employers must implement sexual-harassment training programs. A model program created by state agencies is available if employers are unable to design their own sexual-harassment training programs that meet or exceed New York State standards.
Programs must include a definition of sexual harassment and specific examples of what constitutes inappropriate conduct, as well as detailed information on federal and state statutory remedies available to victims of harassment. Employers must also explain employees’ rights of redress and how to bring complaints.
As of now, the new laws are unclear about specific guidelines for the number of hours of training will be required and how the training can be administered (e.g., in person, webinar, etc.).
Employers must keep records of employee training for a minimum of three years, including signed acknowledgement forms from the employees who attended.
Employers may no longer include confidentiality provisions in settlement agreements, except when the complainant requests confidentiality.
A related federal provision of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) eliminates potential deductions for employers’ legal fees and settlement payments incurred by defendants’ sexual harassment cases that are subject to nondisclosure agreements.
New York State employers must provide a written sexual-harassment policy and distribute it to employees. This policy must include:
- A statement prohibiting sexual harassment and providing examples of what constitutes sexual harassment
- Information about federal and state sexual-harassment laws and the remedies that are available to victims—and a statement that there may be additional local laws on the matter
- A standard complaint form
- Procedures for a timely and confidential investigation of complaints that ensures due process for all parties
- An explanation of employees' external rights of redress and the available administrative and judicial forums for bringing complaints
- A statement that sexual harassment is a form of employee misconduct and that sanctions will be enforced against those who engage in sexual harassment and against supervisors who knowingly allow such behavior to continue
- A statement that it is unlawful to retaliate against employees who report sexual harassment or who testify or assist in related proceedings
Until now, contractors, vendors, and consultants have not been covered by New York State sexual harassment laws. As of April 11, 2018, Section 296-d of the New York State Human Rights Law prohibits an employer to permit sexual harassment of non-employees in the employer’s workplace. If harassment takes place and the employer knows or should reasonably know, but fails to take immediate corrective action, the employer can be held liable.
Employers should review and adjust existing policies and training to ensure a harassment-free workplace. For practical purposes, compliance will limit employer liability. Of course, the most important purpose of adhering to the new laws is to protect and support all workers with a safe working environment.
If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to contact me directly.